By Jerry R. Barker, David T. Tingey (auth.), Dr. Jerry R. Barker, Dr. David T. Tingey (eds.)

Biodiversity is the fragile ecological stability inside of organic structures comparable to species and populations. proof indicates pollution disrupts and impoverishes ecosysytems procedures, and genetic and inhabitants variety. according to a symposium carried out by way of the EPA's Environmental study Laboratory, this publication pulls jointly present wisdom at the topic, assesses its relevance, and gives a framework for destiny learn at the effect of pollution on biodiversity via all degrees of organic association. this article is especially well timed as a result of acid rain and different poisonous difficulties. The textual content additionally discusses the simplest on hand regulate expertise, administration practices, substitute chemical substances, and legislative how one can lessen the influence of pollution on biodiversity.

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A sensitivity analysis of niche diversity and seven similarity indices. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed. 62:749-62. 3. , H. S. Loew. 1988. The use of extinction models for species conservation. Bioi. Conserv. 43:9-25. 4. L. 1986. Diversity, rarity, and conservation in Mediterranean climate regions. In Conservation biology, ed. E. Soule, pp. 122-52. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Assoc. 5. Connell, IH. 1978. Diversity in tropical rain forests and coral reefs. Science 199:1302-10. 6. B. 1981. Quaternary history and the stability of forest communities.

In Biodiversity, ed. O. Wilson and FM. Peter, pp. 36-50. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 49. H. Knight. 1982. Landscape diversity: The concept applied to Yellowstone Park. BioScience 32:664-70. 50. M. Chambers, B. MacBryde, and W. Lawrence Thomas, eds. 1983. Genetics and conservation. Menlo Park, CA: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing. 51. • and S. Ellner. 1984. Coexistence of plant species with similar niches. Vegetatio 58:29-55. 52. Shmida, A.. V. Wilson. 1985. Biological determinants of species diversity.

The important features of hill or mountain sites for vegetation/pollutant interactions are the following: 1. 0. 2. 5 kIn. At much higher altitudes (> 2,000 m, in the Alps, for example), the dominance of convective precipitation and the much cleaner air at such altitudes lead to lower concentrations. 3. Additional stress resulting from high windspeed/poor soils and low temperatures. Highelevation sites that are exposed in general and windy provide a closer coupling of foliage with the atmosphere (except in the case of very low-growing plants).

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