By Professor Mark Z. Jacobson
This re-creation of Mark Jacobson's textbook offers a accomplished advent to the heritage and technology of the most important pollution and weather difficulties that face the area this present day, in addition to the power and coverage ideas to these difficulties. each bankruptcy has been introduced thoroughly up to date with new facts, figures, and textual content. there's a new extra bankruptcy on large-scale recommendations to weather and pollution difficulties. Many extra colour images and diagrams and lots of extra examples and homework difficulties were further. this can be a fantastic introductory textbook on pollution for college students taking classes in atmospheric chemistry and physics, meteorology, environmental technology, Earth technological know-how, civil and environmental engineering, chemistry, environmental legislations and politics, and town making plans and law. it's going to additionally shape a worthwhile reference textual content for researchers, and an advent to the topic for normal audiences.
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Extra resources for Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions
1 The main loss of methane in the atmosphere is due to the chemical reaction CH4 (g) + OH(g) → CH3 (g) + H2 O(g). 0 × 105 molec. cm−3 . If the e-folding lifetime of methane against loss by soil bacteria metabolism at the surface is 160 years, calculate the overall lifetime of CH4 (g) against loss by both processes combined. 2 years due to chemical reaction alone. 6 years. The long lifetime of methane combined with its ability to warm the atmosphere per molecule make it an important contributor to global warming (Chapter 12).
8) formed from the evaporation of ocean water. It was well known in the ancient world, found mixed with earthy material and mentioned in the Old Testament to “lose its savor” on exposure. ” Today, it is the main ingredient in table (common) salt. Its mineral name is halite, from the Greek word hals (“salt”). In the air, sodium chloride is emitted in sea spray particles. 9. Potassium Nitrate (Solid) Potassium nitrate [KNO3 (s)] is a crystal mineral also called saltpeter (“salt of rock”) because it was often found as a saltlike crust on rocks.
Curious as to the bubbly gas emanating from the brew, he found a method to produce the gas at home. Upon experimenting, Priestley learned that it extinguished lighted wood chips. When he dissolved the gas in water, he noted it had a tangy taste and caused the water to bubble. The gas was Van Helmont’s and Black’s carbon dioxide, and Priestley had inadvertently invented a drinkable form of carbonated soda water. In 1772, he published a pamphlet called Directions for Impregnating Water with Fixed Air, but he did not earn any royalties in his lifetime for this invention.