By Edwin A. Lyon
Recipient of the 1994 Anne B. and James B. McMillan Prize
This complete research offers a background of latest Deal archaeology within the Southeast within the Nineteen Thirties and early Forties and makes a speciality of the initiatives of the Federal Emergency reduction management, the Civil Works management, the Works growth management, the Tennessee Valley Authority, the nationwide Park provider, and the Smithsonian Institution.
using fundamental assets together with correspondence and unpublished reviews, Lyon demonstrates the nice value of the hot Deal initiatives within the heritage of southeastern and North American archaeology. New Deal archaeology remodeled the perform of archaeology within the Southeast and created the foundation for the self-discipline that exists at the present time. With the present emphasis on curation and repatriation, archaeologists and historians will locate this quantity precious in reconstructing the historical past of the initiatives that generated the numerous collections that now fill our museums.
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Additional info for A New Deal for Southeastern Archaeology
Carl E. D. from Harvard in 1917. He was chairman of the Committee on State Archaeological Surveys from 1927 to 1937. Guthe had field experience in Mesoamerica, the Southwest, the Plains, and the Philippines. He believed that developing an understanding of the culture history of the eastern United States required a comparative knowledge of the distribution of artifacts. The purpose of the Ceramic Repository was to develop a library of pottery sherds and serve as a clearinghouse for the study of pottery in archaeology.
He saw a movement of people from the west, possibly along the Red River. Swanton believed that the Ozark Bluff Culture described by Mark Harrington and possibly old sites found by Webb and Funkhouser in Kentucky were the earliest in the Southeast. " He noted that his synthesis was preliminary and could not define prehistoric cultures in the Southeast to the degree possible at that time in the Southwest. Stirling's emphasis was on geographical distribution, and he made no attempt to establish a chronology.
In 1929. Kelly had been an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Illinois from 1929 to 1933. He had also directed the Illinois Archeological Survey from 1929 to 1930 where he supervised a summer field program at the immense Cahokia site near East St. Louis. 16 After his job was eliminated because of the depres&ion, he worked on research grants in physical anthropology for two years. During part of this time he studied the anthropometry (that is, measurement of the human body) of the Alibamu Indians in east Texas.