By Adriaen van der Donck
This version of an outline of recent Netherland offers the 1st entire and actual English-language translation of a vital first-hand account of the lives and international of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden collage within the 1640s, grew to become the legislation enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, situated alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to have interaction commonly with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, specified recorder, and available author, Van der Donck was once preferably located to put in writing approximately his studies and the typical and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant used to be first released in 1655 after which improved in 1656. An faulty and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and was once reprinted in 1968. This new quantity beneficial properties a correct, polished translation through Diederik Willem Goedhuys and comprises all of the fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variants. the result's an vital first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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A certain surgeon once laid out a ﬁne garden and, as he was a botanist as well, planted many medicinal species he had found growing wild, but with his departure this came to an end. I suppose that, sickness being so infrequent there, the subject is receiving correspondingly little attention. 38 Moreover, the country is full of all kinds of plants and trees, so that there are undoubtedly numerous good speciﬁcs. Experts could do much in that direction, all the more so, we believe, since the Indians are | The Country able to heal frightful open wounds and ugly old sores with mere roots, bulbs, and leaves.
I owned adjacent land and have seen the eleventh crop: it was fairly good. 49 Admittedly this seems rather strange at ﬁrst sight, but over | The Country there it is no miracle; there are many thousands of morgens as good and as fertile as the land spoken of here. 50 Upon which the parties went to inspect the farm and found the stalks to be on average between six and seven feet tall and only a very few to be shorter. I have also been told as the truth that barley has often yielded eleven bushels Amsterdam measure per haycock, though that is not usual.
Its bark is attractive when looked at from below, particularly on the older trees. Not only has the wood by then become markedly white, but the bark takes on the appearance of white satin. The tree keeps its leaves longer than any other tree in the woods; the leaves are very big and thick and from beneath outward colored ash gray, making it that much more pleasant and decorative for planting near homes. 26 Our people often use this wood for ceiling and ﬂoorboards, because it is very white and free of knots and has a shine.