By J. Eric Thompson, George E. Stuart

A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs (Civilization of the yankee Indian)

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A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs

A Catalog of Maya Hieroglyphs (Civilization of the yankee Indian)

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Table 7: Characteristics of Chimariko and its distant neighbors to the east Language Chimariko Yana¹ Achumawi² Maidu³ Language Family isolate Hokan Hokan: KarukPenutian: Shasta:Palaihninan Maiduan Consonants 33 22 17 18 Stop series pl, asp, glott pl, glott pl pl, glott Obstruent no yes yes (only affricate, yes voicing not contrastive) Back velar q yes no yes no Voiceless lateral no no no no Retroflex ṭ yes no no no Gemination no no no no Labialized cons. no no no no Vowels 5 5 6 6 Vowel length no yes yes no pl = plain; asp = aspirated; glott = glottalized; cons.

10. 4 Diphthongs. The low-high and mid-high rising diphthongs, [ai, ei, oi, ui], are found in roots and as a result of affixing. There is also a fronting diphthong [ui]. In the data, the diphthongs appear either as a sequence of two vowels or as a vowel followed by a glide. While the front high vowel [i] occurs as either a vowel or a glide in these sequences, the back high vowel [u] always appears as a glide. Given that the two variants, vowel-vowel and vowel-glide, can be found in different instances of the same word, as in ‘sister’ in the example below, they are assumed to have the same phonetic and phonological basis.

Table 2 summarizes the symbols used in different sources and indicates the symbols adopted here. Apart from the affricates and the retroflex stops mostly IPA symbols are used in this work. 004 ³ The symbols are based on Berman (2001). See also Abe Bush’s phoneme inventory (Berman 2001:1041) As can be seen in Table 2, the sound inventories represented in the different sources vary. Dixon’s inventory is less elaborate than the others. He does not distinguish a separate set of glottalized consonants, which makes his data phonemically inaccurate.

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